Basic Esthetics



DESCRIPTION: The primary purpose of the Esthetician Course is to train the student in the basic manipulative skills, safety judgments, proper work habits, and desirable attitudes necessary to pass the State Board examination and for competency in job entry-level positions as an Esthetician or related career avenue.

OBJECTIVES: Upon completing of the course requirements, the determined graduate will be able to:

  1. Project a positive attitude and a sense of personal integrity and self-confidence.
  2. Practice proper grooming and effective communications skills and visual poise.
  3. Understand employer--employee relationships and respect the need to deliver worthy service for the value received.
  4. Perform the basic manipulative skills required for facial massage, effective use of the required implements and equipment, proper application of corrective makeup, unwanted hair removal, and lash/brow tinting.
  5. Apply the theory, technical information, and related matter to assure sound judgements, decisions, and procedures.

To ensure continued career success, the graduate will continue to learn new and current information related to techniques, trends, fashions, and methods for career development in esthetics and related career positions.

GRADING PROCEDURES: Students are assigned theory study and a minimum number of practical experiences. Theory is evaluated after each unit of study. Practical assignments are evaluated as completed and counted toward course completion only when rated as satisfactory. If the performance does not meet satisfactory requirements, it is not counted and the performance must be repeated. At least two comprehensive practical skills evaluations will be conducted during the course of study. Practical skills are evaluated according to text procedures and performance standards established by the state licensing agency and are set forth in practical  skills evaluations criteria adopted by the school. Students must maintain a theory grade average of 75 percent and pass a FINAL written and practical exam prior to graduation. Students must make up failed or missed tests and incomplete assignments. Numerical grades are considered according to the following scale:

Below 74Failing

INSTRUCTIONAL METHODS: The clock-hour education is provided through a sequential set of learning steps that address specific tasks necessary for State Board preparation, graduation, and entry-level job skills. Clinic equipment, implements, and products are comparable to those used in the industry. The course is presented through comprehensive lesson plans that reflect effective educational methods. Subjects are presented by means of lecture, demonstration, and interactive student participation. Audio Visual aids, guest speakers, field trips, projects, activities, and other related learning methods are used for course delivery.

REFERENCES: A comprehensive library of references, periodicals, books, texts, and audio/video tapes are available to support the course of study and supplement the student’s training. Students should avail themselves of the opportunity to use theses extensive materials.

UNITS OF INSTRUCTION AND HOURS: Health, sanitation, infection control, chemistry, electricity, anatomy, and physiology, the use and safety of products, and the use and safety of tools and equipment are included in both theory and practical study within the applicable units of study. In addition, students learn career and employment information including professional ethics, effective communications and human relations, compensation packages and payroll deductions, and the fundamentals of business management applicable to the program.





ORIENTATION: Schools rules and regulations; history of esthetics, role of the esthetician, qualities of the professional esthetician; Code of ethics; familiarization of school facilities and supplies; career paths for estheticians


SAFETY AND HEALTH: General salon/clinic safety; first aid; hazardous materials communications; local, state and federal safety codes; salon/clinic rules and regulations


BACTERIOLOGY: Types and classifications; bacterial growth and reproduction; bacterial infections and their prevention; immunity and body defenses; methods of infection control; physical and chemical agents


ANATOMY, PHYSIOLOGY, AND NUTRITION: Cells, tissues, and organs; body systems; importance of water; nutrition for healthy skin and longevity


STRUCTURE AND FUNCTIONS OF THE SKIN: Physiology and histology of the skin; structure and functions of the skin; hair structure and functions with appendages; relation to esthetics (nails, sebaceous glands, and sweat glands)


SUPERFLUOUS HAIR: Theoretical overview of permanent methods (electrolysis, thermolysis, blend); temporary methods of hair removal (manual tweezing, depilatory lotions, waxing, strip and non-strip)


CHEMISTRY: Chemistry and matter as related to esthetics; chemical reactions and solutions/elements; compounds and mixtures/biochemistry; the pH scale


CHEMISTRY AS APPLIED TO COSMETICS: Cosmetics; skin care products; massage creams and oils, ampoules, scrubs, new technologies; FDA laws governing cosmetics and cosmetic safety.


ELECTRICITY AND MACHINES: Electricity and its effects on the skin; galvanic current for chemical (desincrustation) and ionic iontophoresis; high-frequency current; use of magnifying lamp, Wood’s lamp; use of brushing; spray, suction machines; use of vaporizer, pulverizador, hot towel cabinet; paraffin unit; electric mittens, booties, and face mask


FACIAL TREATMENTS: Client preparation; skin analysis and consultation; skin types; skin conditions and disorders; facial procedures; facial treatments with or without machines; overview of aromatherapy and manual lymphatic drainage for the face and neck; product recommendation


BODY PROCEDURES: Body exfoliation; back treatments; use of products to enhance skin appearance; training required for advanced body techniques such as aromatherapy, manual lymphatic drainage, water therapies


MAKEUP TECHNIQUES: Color analysis; morphology of the face; product knowledge, chemistry, and related composition; eyebrow contouring; makeup application; corrections and contouring; false eyelashes; eyelash and eyebrow tinting; further training required for advanced techniques.


BUSINESS PRACTICES: Business operation; site planning and design; accounting, inventory, and sales tax; payroll regulations; ethics and professional conduct; communication skills; retailing techniques; marketing (advertising, retailing and promotion); customer relations


JOB SKILLS:  Resume, interviews; letter writing; licensing regulations; job attitudes; professional organizations; continuing education; industry trade shows, magazines; career opportunities


UNASSIGNED: To be decided by the instructor to strengthen student performance